Sunday, May 7, 2017

No brain for inventing and even less for honesty

Honeywell - Ignoring Hydrology Science and Issued Patents

My Demand to USPTO

It is not that hard to argue at the Court of the Law that Hydrological issues should be examined by Hydrologists.
My demand to USPTO is the same as the first letter sent on Oct. 2006:

1. Hire Examiners with background in Hydrogeology and/or Soil Physics so that they have full comprehension of fluids moving on porosity;
2. Cancel issued patents with scientific flaws. Obsolete patents are cancelled naturally by becoming outdated;
3. Make a public statement about Hydrology negligence hurting all Hydrological community as well as my project that needs experts in Hydrology to protect the content of my issued claims.
4. Compensate for my losses since as an inventor filing patents I was not expecting lay people handling hydrology in the examination process by USPTO.
5. Since USPTO is failing to protect my IP rights my patents should be eligible for time extension of their expiration dates (new demand).
6. Issue a bill requiring Hydrology be handled by Hydrologists preventing laypeople from harming standing common knowledge in the scientific literature (new demand).
7. Disclose the technical and educational background of the Patent Examiners showing their expertise boundaries for judgment (new demand).
8.  Make people accountable for breaking THE LAW regarding my complaints (old demand).

US 6,766,817, p. 23, line. 24) ‘A fluid generally possesses characteristics of internal adhesion-cohesion, which leads to its own strength and attraction to the solid phase of porosity. Capillary action is a theoretical proposal to deal with fluid movement on porous systems, but capillary action is restricted to tubing geometries that are difficult to apply because such geometries do not permit lateral fluid flow. Nevertheless, the geometry of the cylinder is one of the best rounding microstructure to concentrate attraction toward the core of the rounding circle because the cylinder only permits longitudinal flow. In order to provide a required lateral flow in the porosity, a special geometric figure of tube like is disclosed herein. Such a geometric figure is defined herein as simply comprising a "tubarc"--a combination of a tube with an arc.’ 

US pat 6,766,817, July 17, 2004 ‘FIG. 15 illustrates a frontal overview of a hydrodynamic modeling of a main tubarc pattern showing the twisting of the longitudinal slit opening, in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention; ‘

I did not invent a new can opener! My scientific breakthrough (US Pat. 6,766,817) developed new conceptions into Hydrodynamics to update textbooks addressing Unsaturated Hydraulic Conductivity mentioned in only 26 issued patents so far. Today Thermal/Heat Conductivity is mentioned in 90,555 issued patents, Electrical/Electric Conductivity is mentioned in 67,946 issued patents while lay people address fluid moving on porosity as wick/wicking in 30,639 issued patents ignoring Hydrology knowledge. Wick/wicking is in the patent classification system but not on hydrology textbooks. 

Mr. Varga Daly in this patent application below had no single paragraph to address Hydrology.


101 Columbia Road
P O Box 2245
Morristown NJ 07962-2245

Maryann Maas
Reg. No.  38954


Improvements in tubes, which increase the heat exchange capacity of tubular heat exchangers using the tubes, are described. These improvements involve the use of one or more external surface enhancements, optionally combined with an internal enhancement and/or differing tube geometries. These improvements apply, for example, to internal condensers, including those in which the tube bundles are oriented vertically, in vapor-liquid contacting apparatuses such as distillation columns.


1. A method of exchanging heat between a first fluid and a second fluid, the method comprising condensing the first fluid on external surfaces of a tube bundle for a condenser comprising tubes, wherein at least a portion of the tubes, in an axially extending section, have internal surfaces having a coating comprising a porous metallic matrix bonded thereon, and have external surfaces comprising circumferentially extending fins, and passing the second fluid through the tubes.

6. A method of purifying a lower boiling component from an impure mixture by distillation, the method comprising: (a) contacting a vapor enriched in the lower boiling component on the external surfaces of a plurality of condenser tubes of an apparatus for vapor-liquid contacting, comprising a vertically oriented column having disposed therein the plurality of condenser tubes extending substantially vertically over a section of the column length, wherein at least a portion of the condenser tubes have external surfaces comprising one or more surface enhancements, and (b) passing a cooling fluid through the condenser tubes.

9. The method of claim 6, wherein the surface enhancements comprise circumferentially extending fins.

[0021] Other embodiments of the invention are directed to tube bundles for a condenser comprising tubes as described above. According to particular embodiments, at least a portion of the tubes, in an axially (e.g., vertically or horizontally, depending on the orientation of the tube bundle) extending section, have internal surfaces having a coating (e.g., a porous metallic matrix as discussed above) bonded thereon, and have external surfaces comprising circumferentially extending fins. These circumferential fins may be characteristic of "low finned" tubes having a height from about 0.76 mm (0.03 inches) to about 3.8 mm (0.15 inches). The circumferentially extending fins may have outer edges that include a plurality notches. According to particular embodiments in the case of notches being present on the circumferentially extending fins, these notches may be aligned axially with respect to adjacent circumferentially extending fins and/or they may be bent at their respective corners outside of the plane of the circumferentially extending fins. According to other embodiments, at least a portion of the tubes have a non-linear central axis and/or a twisted geometry, as discussed above, in the axially extending section, and optionally a plurality of spaced apart points of external contact with adjacent tubes. According to other embodiments, tube bundles may comprise tubes having two or more types of shaped recessions on the external surface, namely smaller discreet shaped recessions and larger, axially extended shaped recessions. The smaller recessions can advantageously provide capillary action to reduce the condensate fluid layer thickness by using the liquid surface tension. Outer edges of these recessions may be aligned in axially extending rows along the external surfaces of the tubes.

[0050] In the same manner as described above with respect to notches on outer edges of fins, notches or recessions having various cross-sectional shapes may be formed directly on the outer surfaces of heat exchanger tubes to provide surface enhancements. Extending these notches in the axial direction on the tube surface results in elongated troughs about the tube periphery. Alternatively, discreet, shaped recessions may be formed on the external tube surface. While the recessions themselves may be small, if desired, in order to provide an effective capillary action that reduces condensate layer thickness, such smaller recessions may be aligned axially to provide an axial or generally axial flow path for condensed liquid. FIG. 5 depicts tubes 2 having shaped recessions 36a, 36b on the external surface, where a portion of these recessions 36a are smaller and are aligned in axially extending rows 22a, for example, with outer edges of the recessions in a row 22a forming a line that extends axially along the external surface of the tube. As discussed above, these smaller, discreet shaped recessions 36a on the tube surface can act as capillaries, such that the surface tension of the condensed liquid is drawn into recessions 36a. In a representative embodiment, in order to provide capillary action, each individual shaped recession will normally have only a small area, typically less than about 5 mm2 (7.8.times.10-3 in2) and often in the range from about 0.1 mm2 (1.6.times.10-4 in2) to about 4 mm2 (6.2.times.10-3 in2). Aligning at least some of the recessions in one or more axially extending rows allows the condensed liquid to effectively drain vertically, for example, in a vertically extending internal tubular condenser. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 5, the axially aligned, smaller, discreet shaped recessions 36a are used as surface enhancements in combination with axially elongated shaped recessions 36b (i.e., with the individual recessions extending over a longer axial portion). Both of these surface enhancements may be used in a common region of the tube that extends over a section of the length of a distillation column where condensation occurs. In the particular embodiment illustrated in FIG. 5, rows 22a of discreet, shaped recessions 36a alternate radially about the tube periphery with rows 22b of larger, axially extending shaped recessions 36b (e.g., in the form of troughs), between which rows the external surface 27 of tube 2 may be smooth. FIG. 5 also depicts internal enhancements on internal surface 25, namely spiral ridges 21, which may be used for improved heat exchange. In FIG. 6, the axially extending, shaped recessions 36b are in the form of troughs having a triangular cross-sectional shape. 

[0051] FIGS. 7A-7D illustrate in more detail some representative cross sections of tubes having shaped recessions 36 on their external surfaces 27. In particular, the shaped recessions 36 in FIGS. 7A and 7D have a curved cross-sectional shape that is semi-circular, while the shaped recessions 36 in FIG. 7B have a triangular cross-sectional shape. Other curved and rectangular (e.g., semi-elliptical and square) cross-sectional shapes are possible. Another embodiment in which tube surfaces are enhanced with shaped recessions 36 is shown in FIG. 7C, where, as in FIG. 7B, the cross-sectional shapes of recessions 36, spaced (e.g., uniformly) about the periphery of the surface of tube 2, are triangles. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 7C, however, these triangles are broad enough such that only small sections or points of the external surface 27 of tube 2 remain (or are not part of the shaped recessions), with these sections being spaced radially about the periphery of tube 2. The axial extension of these sections or points results in axially extending ridges. Such a tube with axially extending, shaped recessions 36b or troughs aligned in axial rows 22b is also illustrated in the front view of FIG. 6. 

[0052] In FIG. 7D, the axially extending ridges, similarly formed between these shaped recessions, have a smooth, curved (e.g., semi-circular) cross-sectional shape of the same or a similar dimension as the curved cross sectional shape forming the shaped recessions. The cross sectional shape of this tube therefore has a generally circular perimeter defined by alternating, concave and convex curves (e.g., semi-circles). The resulting, smooth external surface contrasts with the embodiment shown in FIG. 7A, where the shaped recessions form edges. Therefore, as shown, for example in the embodiment of FIG. 7D, the shaped recessions can provide a fluted profile of a fluted tubeFluted tubes or other tubes having axially extending shaped recessions or discreet, shaped recessions aligned in axially extending rows as depicted, for example, in FIGS. 7A-7D may be characterized as having two outer diameters. Smaller and larger outer diameters may be the distances, respectively, to opposing deepest points of recessions 36 and opposing external surfaces 27, with each of these distances being measured through the center of the cross section of tube 2. Representative tubes having axially extending shaped recessions will have smaller and larger outer diameters in the ranges from about 13 mm (0.5 inches) to about 32 mm (1.25 inches) and from about 19 mm (0.75 inches) to about 38 mm (1.5 inches), respectively. In exemplary embodiments, such a tube will have outer diameters of about 19 mm (0.75 inches) and about 25 mm (1.0 inches) or outer diameters of about 25 mm (1.0 inches) and about 32 mm (1.25 inches). 

[0056] The use of axially or generally extending shaped recessions and/or fins, in this manner, as tube surface enhancements, can reduce condensate film thickness and/or facilitate condensate drainage, thereby improving the heat transfer coefficient of the tube. Such features as surface enhancements for tubes are particularly advantageous in internal tubular condensers (e.g., disposed in distillation columns), where the heat exchange surface area, as well as the total weight of equipment that can be practically installed (e.g., at or near the top of the column or tower) are both limited. The tube surface enhancements discussed above may be used alone or in combination. The tube surface enhancements may also be used in combination with internal enhancements as discussed above, and particularly spiral ridges that may act to further improve heat transfer. Otherwise, these surface enhancements may be combined with a coating, such as a porous metallic matrix used to form an enhanced boiling layer as discussed above, that is bonded onto internal surfaces of the tubes, for example, in at least the same region of the tubes (e.g., extending over a section of the column height) as the surface enhancements. The surface enhancements may also be used in tube bundles in which all or a portion of the tubes have a non-linear central axis (e.g., a helical axis), or otherwise have a twisted tube geometry as discussed above, in at least the same region of the tubes as the surface enhancements. In a representative embodiment, for example, a tube bundle of a condenser, having tubes with a fluted tube profile and an internal enhancement including one or more spiral ridges, is aligned vertically in the upper section of a distillation column. Various other combinations of surface enhancements, optionally with an internal surface coating and/or non-linear or twisted geometries, can be incorporated into tubes to improve their heat transfer coefficient, particularly when the tubes are used in a tube bundle that is oriented vertically and used in a service in which condensate drains vertically from the external surfaces of the tubes (i.e., on the "shell side" of the condenser). 

I would like to suggest Americans to send messages to those emails below pledging them to be honest and stop violating intellectual property rights allowing huge corporations to reinvent issued patents shamefully violating science.

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